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Hommage to R. Murray Schafer

(Pour des raisons technique, le français suit)

I am lucky to be part of a wide and deep tradition of music-making in classrooms. R. Murray Schafer (1933-2021) was pivotal to music in the classroom, and was known for his ability to connect with students of all ages. While I did not know him well, I acknowledge that I work in a tradition deeply influenced by his work as a musician and music educator. 

Schafer’s practice in the classroom centred around attention to sound and listening. Many of his music activities don’t require specialized equipment, a bonus when incorporating music into any classroom and subject area. Here is an activity I first witnessed Schafer lead at the CNMN FORUM 2018 in Montreal:

  1. Crumple a piece of paper and throw it against a hard surface such as a wall
  2. Listen the sounds made throughout this act
  3. Imitate the sounds using your voice

Students imitate the sounds they hear in many ways, the greatest variety being which sounds they choose to imitate. Some imitate only the sound of the paper hitting the wall, some imitate the sound of the paper whistling through the air, and others imitate the sound of the paper ricocheting off other surfaces after the impact. A rare few imitate the paper crumpling at the beginning through to the paper coming to a standstill. None of these imitations is right or wrong; it is simply indicative of what each person attends to. 

I wonder sometimes if what a person chooses to imitate is also indicative of the sounds they think of as ‘worthy’ of listening to, which is certainly fodder for my musician’s curiosity about how other people hear the world. 

Here are a few directions I’ve taken this exercise:

  1. Imitate the sounds using an object other than a piece of paper. This option is helpful for classes that may be shy using their voices)
  2. Imitate the sounds using an instrument. If this I am working with a music class, I generally ask students to do this exercise first with a percussion instrument, and then transition to imitating it with their own instrument.
  3. Draw a visual representation of the sound: 
    • Explore the ‘feel’ of the sounds for a more abstract representation of the sound. See the music video Message in the Bottle, the final product of a workshop that delves into this idea.
    • Explore graphic notation, using strategies different sizes of objects or weights of line to represent volume, assigning a timeline to the x axis to depict sound as it occurs over time. 

These activities are wonderful for encouraging students (and myself!) to attend to the sounds that surround us, and have fun with sound as an artistic, expressive and acoustic phenomenon. They inevitably lead to discussions about individual experiences of sound. Delving into to curriculum, I’ve used these activities in the following subject areas:

  1. Literary arts: concepts of literacy and communication through the visual medium.
  2. Math: visual representation of information through graphic scores that assign various parameters to the x and y axes (e.g. x=volume, y=time).
  3. Science: understanding acoustics and the properties of materials by doing the same activity with materials other than paper (e.g. tennis ball, tinfoil paper) and throwing these materials against different surfaces (e.g. metal, plastic). 
  4. Music: depict these sounds through graphic scores and tradition Western notation. Pick one element of the notated sound (rhythmic motive, pitch etc.) and use it as the starting point for an improvisation/composition.

The possibilities for play and learning are many! If this activity intrigues you, please don’t hesitate to reach out for resources for music activities you can do in your classroom.

If you are interested in bringing a Teaching Artist into your classroom, see here for funding to bring me and other Teaching Artists into your school:

ELAN ArtistsInspire | Culture in Schools | Culture pour tous  

If you are looking for more ideas, please contact me for sample workshop descriptions. If you have ideas you’d like to explore, I’d be happy to chat with you and come up with a workshop tailor-made for your class! Please contact me at mlouisecampbell(at)gmail.com.

All the best to everyone in this new school year and artistic season!

Hommage à R. Murray Schafer

Je faire partie d’une tradition large et profonde de création musicale dans les écoles. R. Murray Schafer (1933-2021) a joué un rôle central dans la musique, et était connu pour sa capacité à se connecter avec des étudiants. Même si je ne le connaissais pas bien, je reconnais que je travaille dans une tradition profondément influencée par son travail de musicien et d’éducateur musical.

La pratique de Schafer en classe était centrée sur l’attention portée au son et à l’écoute. Beaucoup de ses activités musicales ne nécessitent pas d’équipement spécialisé, un bonus lors de l’intégration de la musique dans tous les sujets. Voici une activité de Schafer dont j’ai été témoin pour la première fois Schafer au FORUM CNMN 2018 à Montréal :

1. Froissez un morceau de papier et jetez-le contre un mur

2. Écoutez les sons émis tout au long de cet acte

3. Imitez les sons avec votre voix

Les élèves imitent les sons qu’ils entendent de plusieurs façons, la plus grande variété étant les sons qu’ils choisissent d’imiter. Certains imitent uniquement le son du papier frappant le mur, certains imitent le son du papier sifflant dans l’air et d’autres imitent le son du papier ricochant sur d’autres surfaces après l’impact. Quelques rares imitent le froissement du papier au début jusqu’à l’arrêt du papier. 

Voici quelques directions que j’ai prises pour cet exercice :

1. Imitez les sons en utilisant un objet autre qu’un morceau de papier. Cette option est utile pour les classes qui peuvent être timides avec leur voix

2. Imitez les sons à l’aide d’un instrument. Si je suis en cours de musique, je demande aux étudiants de faire cet exercice d’abord avec un instrument à percussion, puis de l’imiter avec leur propre instrument.

3. Dessinez une représentation visuelle du son :

a. Explorez la « sensation » des sons pour une représentation plus abstraite du son. Voir la vidéo musicale Message in the Bottle, le produit final d’un atelier qui approfondit cette idée.

b. Explorez la notation graphique, en utilisant des stratégies tel que des différentes tailles d’objets pour représenter le volume, ou une chronologie horizontale pour représenter le son tel qu’il se produit au fil du temps.

Ces activités sont formidables pour encourager les élèves (et moi-même !) à prêter attention aux sons qui nous entourent et à s’amuser avec le son en tant que phénomène artistique, expressif et acoustique. Ils conduisent inévitablement à des discussions sur les expériences individuelles du son. 

En approfondissant le curriculum, j’ai utilisé ces activités dans les domaines suivants :

1. Arts littéraires : concepts d’alphabétisation et de communication à travers un médium visuel,

2. Mathématiques : représentation visuelle de l’information à travers des scores graphiques qui attribuent divers paramètres aux axes x et y (par exemple x=volume, y=temps).

3. Science : comprendre l’acoustique et les propriétés des matériaux en faisant la même activité avec des matériaux autres que le papier (ex. balle de tennis, papier d’aluminium) et en projetant ces matériaux contre différentes surfaces (ex. métal, plastique).

4. Musique : dépeignez ces sons à l’aide de partitions graphiques et d’une notation occidentale. Choisissez un élément du son noté (motif rythmique, hauteur, etc.) et utilisez-le comme point de départ pour une improvisation/composition.

Les possibilités de jeu et d’apprentissage sont nombreuses ! Si cette activité vous intrigue, n’hésitez pas à me contacter pour des ressources d’activités musicales que vous pouvez faire dans votre classe.

Si vous souhaitez amener un artiste dans votre classe, cliquez ici pour plus d’information sur les subventions :

La culture à l’école | Culture pour tous

Bonne chance à toutes et è tous en cette nouvelle année scolaire et en cette saison artistique !

A Year of Many Surprises

Over the last year, I have had the pleasure of working with elementary and high school students in distance and hybrid learning contexts, teachers and students in a school dedicated to special ed students, neuroscientists and people living with Parkinson’s Disease and dementia, a community centre for people with severe physical disabilities, and, on a very local level, my next-door neighbours. Zoom much? Yep. A lot. And I also use the good, old-fashioned phone s as a platform to make music with too.

Like many others, I have relied on old and new technologies to connect with people at a distance and continue to make music. The biggest lessons I have learned, and re-learned over the last year are:

  1. Connecting takes time. Take the time, and respect people’s time. It’s worth it.
  2. What works in person doesn’t necessarily work online, and vice versa. Whatever communication platform is being used, activities are most effective when they use the platform’s best features as an integral part of the process, rather than as a substitution for being in-person.

A few observations and strategies for ways to make music through platforms such as zoom.

  1. One of the interesting features of distance learning is because everyone is in their own space. Observing your surroundings through sound and sight and sharing these observations with each other can help create connection between participants while keeping sensory experience central to art-making:
  2. Video conferencing is all about visuals. Use the ‘video’ part of video conferencing to make music by:
    • Using movement to shape the music, such as Piece of Mind’s Musical Diary in which a person with Parkinsons describes and conducts her experience of time. For a detailed description of process, see HERE. For two diary entries:
    • Watching a silent film together and improvising a film score to it, such as Piece of Mind’s illustration of a day in the life of a person with Parkinson’s. For a detailed description of process, see HERE:
  3. For a million reasons, through-composed music is not well adapted for video conferencing. Create a music that provides instructions for how, rather than what, to play:
    • Fair Jenny Alone, a work for at-home or in-person choir featuring a ‘sing-along’ track
  4. Share stories based on a prompt, and use voice recordings to shape and tell these stories:
    • …sounds like static… People affected by Alzheimer’s and dementia were asked ‘Who are the people who keep you anchored in life?’
    • Stories of Care. Multiple prompts were used in this podcast series created with the CARE Centre, a centre for adults with severe physical disabilities, including ‘what is your favourite childhood memory?’, ‘what is your favourite activity at CARE?, and more.

In a year unlike any other, I have had the good fortune to learn many new skills, push my creativity in directions I never imagined. connect with many kind and generous people, to whom I extend many, many thanks. As I sit down to make plans for workshops in Art inspired by Nature, a Dinner in the Dark and Music through Action Painting, I am looking forward to what the next year brings. If you’re interested in brainstorming and planning ahead for the 2021-22 season and school year, please reach out! I’d love to hear your ideas.

For funding to bring me and other Teaching Artists into schools see here:

ELAN ArtistsInspire | Culture in Schools | Culture pour tous

To hear what these MacKay Centre teachers have to say about our ArtistsInspire workshop:

Fair Jenny Alone: Making Music Together at Home

There are just as many ways to make music online as there are in person. When leading group music-making with choir and bands, audio quality and latency in video conferencing can lead music directors and teachers to rely on the mute button. This can set up a solitary experience of music making, a sad turn of events for people who join choirs and bands for the musical and social experience of singing and playing with others.

Old Harry Beach of the Magdalen Islands inspired the fixed audio track for Fair Jenny Alone.

I find the key to making music online (and in-person, frankly) is to put the focus on listening. Then, rather than tell musicians exactly what to play or sing, as we tend to do in Western notation, I try to set up a situation in which participants have clear guidelines for how to interact, giving them the liberty to experiment and make moment-to-moment musical decisions.

To be concrete, Fair Jenny Alone is a work I composed based on a Robbie Burns tune for at-home ensemble (choir, band or orchestra). The work consists of a fixed audio track that acts as a guide for musicians to sing and play with, instructions for how to improvise with the track and an introductory guide to recording at home. The premise is the same as a play-along CD – I provide the musical framework via the audio track and the instructions, and musicians make music within that framework. In the case of Fair Jenny Alone, the instructions for choir are fairly simple: imitate the sounds you hear in the audio track using vowels and breath sounds.

The key to supporting a sense of community and connection between musicians is how we rehearse and share the piece. Rehearsals explore listening and sensing exercises to help put musicians at ease with the style of music-making, as well as discuss the title as drawn from the Robbie Burns’ lyrics, and its various meanings depending on our individual circumstances. Then, with everybody on mute (guilty as charged!), we sing the piece together. Those choristers who are able to, record themselves and submit the recording to me. I then compile the audio tracks into one audio file, and we have a Listen Party, giving us a chance to hear each other sing alone together from our homes.

Chorister Annie Randall of the Concordia Chamber Choir has this to say about her experience singing Fair Jenny Alone:

This term has obviously been a challenge to continue with choir. Most years, by now, we would have had a concert under our belts, and working towards our winter concert. There has always been an end game. This term, however, we don’t have that. But we are still learning music, and rehearsing, often only hearing ourselves sing without the harmonies of the rest of the choir. This project, this one single project, allowed concert choir to finally feel like a group again, for the first time since March, when we said goodbye. We listened to the Fair Jenny soundtrack that we were given, and found our own harmonies, and sounds to make, and Louise brought those sounds and harmonies together into a beautiful 15 minutes. When listening back, I can hear the voices of the members that I had been missing so much. This one single project brought back the spark that pushed me to be the best I can with concert choir. Usually, the music we learn and perform is a gift to our audiences, and this one is no different in that regard, but this one was also a gift to us.

Thank you for your poignant words, Annie, and to director Joy Berg and the Concordia Chamber Choir for sharing your voices and the opportunity to hear you sing together at home. At a time when ‘alone’ can mean many different things, Fair Jenny Alone is a reminder that we can connect with people both near and far.

Listen here to Concordia Chamber Choir: Fair Jenny Alone

For more info, contact me at mlouisecampbell(at)gmail.com

For funding to bring me and other artists into Quebec schools (psst, there is a High School version of this piece):

ArtistsInspire   Culture in Schools   Culturepour tous

Art, Accessibility and Cultivating Connection

A C.A.R.E. client and his communication system.

What will art education look and sound like in your school over the coming year? Whether in an elementary school, a high school, a university or another establishment, the answer to this question is likely to change multiple times in the weeks and months to come. I don’t have any answers for you – but I do know that the shift necessitated by the pandemic has pushed me and all the people I work with to ask questions, listen carefully to each other’s answers, and think creatively about how we make art.

Take the podcasting project from the C.A.R.E. Centre, a partner of the English Montreal School Board, featuring adults with severe physical disabilities, many of whom are non-verbal and use assisted forms of communication. Podcasting? With people who are non-verbal? Through video conferencing? Our initial plan was pretty different from how it’s turned out – and what is coming out is amazing.

The podcasting project Stories of Care was slated to begin in person at the C.A.R.E. Centre on March 23, 2020. As we all know, closures began on March 13. I had just gotten back from a number of flights, train trips, and public transport through Alberta and Ontario. As some of the clients at C.A.R.E. have complex health needs, it was clear that going into the C.A.R.E. Centre in person was a very bad idea. The last thing I wanted to do was to unwittingly be a carrier of coronavirus. Fast-forward a week or two to when I had a conversation with the partners in the project, Olivia Quesnel, the Executive Director of the C.A.R.E. Centre, Isak Goldschneider of Innovations en concert, and Tim Brady of Bradyworks, and we all agreed: podcasting is an ideal project to do at a distance.

Um. Okay. Now we’ve got to do this…

Daily programs at C.A.R.E.

Luckily for me, one of the most beloved programs at C.A.R.E. is C.A.R.E. Radio, which we quickly converted to Zoom. Caregiver Bruno moved seamlessly into being a fabulous host, just as he is normally in person at C.A.R.E. while I fumbled around learning to be a Zoom DJ, giving clients, caregivers, and family members a chance to talk and see each other while sharing music from a distance. The online video platform became the bridge to our clients and a way to move forward with the podcasting project.

What really made this podcast project fly was Olivia Quesnel’s amazing ability to think creatively about how to connect with people. As a regular part of her job (Executive Director of the C.A.R.E. Centre), Olivia cultivates connections with C.A.R.E. clients using multiple platforms. She looks for the best way to communicate with each client depending on their abilities and home situations.

The necessity for connecting at a distance pushes this creativity around communication methods even further. The platform used may be one that I use daily but their method of using it may be quite different. For example, while the C.A.R.E. Centre was closed, Olivia set up a daily phone call with one of the clients during which she asked yes-no questions, to which he responded by pressing the touchpad once for ‘no’ (beeeeep) and twice for ‘yes’ (beep-beeeeeep!!).

C.A.R.E. staff, guided by Louise Campbell, discuss communication.

A combination of archival recordings, short instructional videos of activities for C.A.R.E clients to do at home, and recorded phone and Zoom calls between myself, Olivia, caregivers, clients, and family members gave us what we needed for a podcasting series: audio material!

There have been many, many firsts for me in this project: online arts facilitation, video editing, Zoom DJ-ing, and learning about the in’s and out’s of various communication tools used by clients at C.A.R.E. (this is the topic of multiple podcast episodes from Stories of Care). The biggest thing I will remember and treasure from this project is the power of human connection – that is, our ability and drive to connect with the people we care about.

I am absolutely grateful for the support from the musical team in this project – I could not have done this without Isak Goldschneider, Tim Brady, Nick Hyatt and Amy Horvey – and I have an immense amount of respect for the warmth and humanity shown by the clients, caregivers and families at C.A.R.E. If we can make a project like this happen on ten days’ notice, we can all continue to make music and enable the arts to happen over the course of this year. We just need to keep talking, thinking creatively, and helping each other out. Without question, there will be challenges along the way but we can do this together.

In this spirit, I will continue to use this blog, Musings on Making Music, as a platform to share ideas and activities for music creativity tailored to our shifting landscape of music and music education. Feel free to peruse the musical games and activities already posted in the blog (scroll down the sidebar to the left), sign up to receive monthly-bimonthly blog posts, or reach out to me via email. If I have ideas or connections with people who can give you a hand, it will be my pleasure to share some of my methods or to put you in contact with others.

As Bruno would say at the end of a C.A.R.E. Radio episode:
Stay tuned next time for more Stories of Care. Peace!

And the chatter begins from the clients and family: That was so fun! I loved your jokes! Are you coming to the Zoom dance party tomorrow? Hey, can we do a Zoom call later? Bye, everybody! See you next time!

Listen here to the podcast series here: Stories of Care

Stories of Care is produced by the C.A.R.E. Centre, Innovations en concert, Bradyworks, with funding from Quebec’s Schools Host an Artist of Culture in Schools. 

For more information and funding to bring me and other artists (virtually and in-person when this is possible) into schools, community organizations and long-term care centres:

ArtistsInspire

Culture in Schools

Passeurs de rêves, Culture pour tous

C.A.R.E. clients and caregivers enjoy an outing at the Botanical Gardens, pre-COVID.

Stay Home Music Activities

At a time when we’re all being asked to Stay Home, I’m sending good vibes in the form of music activities for you and the people you are staying home with. Most of these activities refer to groups of people, but the activities work equally as well with 2-5 people, roughly the number of people in one household. Adapt by reducing the number of parts, and putting one person to a part.

People of all ages like nothing more than being creative, so if an activity takes a different tack than you see here, go with it! Staying Home is going to make us all more creative, in so many ways 🙂

Chants and games using spoken voice:

Memory and Making the Most of Ear Worms (memory games, ages 5-9)

Science: Learning about acoustics using marbles (ages 5-12)

Music listening game: Ready…set…listen! (all ages)

Music: Freeze dance (ages 2-9)

Music using digital devices: Play it again, Sam (ages 13-adult)

Pedagogical Guides written for Orchestre symphonique de Montréal:

Peter and the Wolf (ages 5-12)

Phantom of the Opera (ages 13-adult)

Language arts: Sound poems (ages 4-8)

 

 

 

We got rhythm

In the last blog post Getting Pitchy, we looked at a process for finding pitch material in a group setting. Let’s say that in the course of that process, it became clear the group loves beat-based music. We’ve got 40 minutes left in class, and we need to get to a group composition by the end of the hour. What to do…

Let’s jump straight into a rhythm game based on different lengths of loops:

  1. By section, ask participants to count loops of different beat lengths out loud
    1. Brass count 1-2-3-1-2-3 etc.
    2. Woodwinds count 1-2-3-4-1-2-3-4 etc.
    3. Piano, guitar and percussion count 1-2-3-4-5-1-2-3-4-5 etc.
  2. Layer the loops, practicing all combinations of two loops, as well as all three loops at once. This gets trippy – listen to the loops phase and do the math to understand when the downbeats line up.
  3. Layer loops, this time asking participants to clap on beat one and count in their heads.
  4. Using the pitch material decided on as a group (see Getting Pitchy), ask sections to compose and practice a loop on their instrument that is the same number of beats they just practiced counting.

    Loops from Culture in Schools workshop, L’École secondaire Val-Mauricie, Shawinigan Qc

Tip: initial loops frequently come out in quarter notes. While sections are rehearsing, I give tips for finding rhythmic variations as needed.

  1. Layer the loops on top of each other as in #2.

In this 20-30 minute sequence, the group came up with music that has coherent pitch material, beat, and rhythmic process. By asking the group to work in sections, we built in a bit of orchestration. In the remaining time we have in our 1-hour class, there are a number of directions this collective composition can take. More next time!

Getting pitchy

Funnily enough, I find one of the biggest challenges in facilitating participatory creative music is how to deal with pitch. It seems silly since pitch is one of the fundamental parameters of music.

Here’s the situation: I walk into a high school band room full of 20 to 30 teens playing wind instruments. Our task is to co-compose, rehearse and perform a piece in one hour. I’ve just met the players. I don’t know their musical taste or level of music theory, let alone their names. It’s go time!

The first thing I do is make sure people know that there are no wrong notes in a creative process, only interesting ones (see Knitting Lessons for more). After that, it’s crucial to find a way for everyone to talk about pitch easily. When I’m a guest in a high school band class, we usually warm-up with the lingua franca of high school band, a concert Bb Major scale. Happily this lends itself to speaking in scale degrees.

EDIT: A number of people have asked me to explain what scale degrees are. Scale degree associate a number to each note of the scale (i.e. the first note of the scale is 1, the second note of the scale is 2, etc.). Here are the scale degrees for CM:

           1     2     3     4      5     6      7     8(1)

CM:   C     D     E     F     G     A     B     C

And for FM:

          1     2     3     4      5     6      7     8(1)

FM:   F     G     A     B     C     D     E     F

When dealing with transposing instruments for whom the sounding pitch has a different letter name per instruments (e.g. concert Bb is a fingered Bb for flute, a fingered C for clarine), scale degrees lets you ask for ‘scale degree 1 in concert Bb Major’. Each musician then translates this into a pitch on their instrument. So rather than saying “flutes play x, trumpets and clarinets play y, altos play z, oh and you’ve got French horns…”, I can simply say, “play scale degree X”.

I wax poetic about scale degrees. Even if a group is not familiar with scale degrees, it takes maximum 10 min. for to become comfortable with them. Not only do they make pitch-based exercises easier to lead as a facilitator, scale degrees empower participants to speak directly with one other, rather than going through me, their teacher or a transposition chart. Easy communication means people are more inclined to make music on their own, which is ultimately what I hope for.

Once you have decide on how to talk about pitch, here’s a process to find pitch material:

  1. Ask four participants at a time to play any note on your cue.
  2. Cue multiple times, asking participants to change notes on each cue, resulting in a series of 4-note chords.
  3. Ask participants to pick one of the chords to play with.
  4. Write the notes on the board, using scale degrees or transposing as necessary.
  5. On your cue, ask the full band to play any one of the four notes on the board, resulting in a rich orchestration of this chord.

This sequence takes around 20 minutes, including warm-up. I learn a lot about groups’ musical preferences and experience during this time, which helps me direct the process moving forward. Groups choose wildly different pitch material to work with, from crunchy atonal clusters to four-note jazz chords to open fifth power chords. I go with whatever a group chooses – it’s their music, after all.

Samples of pitch material chosen by different school groups

Here are some examples of the pitch material various groups have chosen:

  • 3-7
  • 1-3-7
  • 2-4-6-8
  • 3-4-7
  • 1-4-#4-5

 

In the next blog post, we’ll take this process on to the next challenge: a group that clearly wants to make beat-based music.

 

A Boat Saves Christmas

Gale-force winds? Waves seven metres high? Lobster fishing? These things permeate students’ lives in Grosse-Île on the Magdalen Islands, and what better way for me, a landlubber based in Montreal, to learn more about the students’ experience than to ask them to tell stories. To kick off the storytelling, I gave the Gr. 3-4 class a cliff-hanger I wouldn’t have been able to resist as a child, with a nod to the wild weather on the Islands…

‘It was a dark and stormy night. The reindeer were scared and didn’t want to pull the sleigh. How was Santa going to get around?’

I furiously transcribed the story, trying to keep up with the students. We worked and played hard – it isn’t always easy to come to consensus, as anyone knows who has been part of a team – and made something together that was more and different than any one of us could have done on our own. Seeing the excitement on the students’ faces during the creation of the play and their pride on sharing their work was a testament to what the arts do to bring people together.

Les Îles de la Madeleine

To hear two students and myself speak about our project with guest host Julia Caron:

To hear the play, complete with narration and sound effects created and recorded by the students:

Many thanks to Grosse-Île School, CAMI and Artists Inspire for making this project possible.

Happy holidays to everyone! May you all find a boat this Christmas.

Play it again, Sam

Playing with image, text and narrative are some of my favourite ways of making creative music, whether in my own practice or in facilitating creative music with amateurs. The last blog post featured some of the innovations in image and sound dating back to the silent film era. This blog post features a few ideas on exploring video and sound using the digital device many of us have in our pockets, the cell phone.

Play it again, Sam

Group activity, ages teen to adult

Technical needs: your participants cell phones and their willingness to play video/songs from their playlist

Depending on the context, you may want to preview participants’ video and playlists in advance.

One participant cues up a familiar music video with the sound off. All other participants to cue up their favourite song on their play list. Play the video paired with the various songs.

One participant cues up their favourite song. All other participants cue up their favourite music videos with the sound off. Play the song paired with the various music videos.

What works? What doesn’t? What’s funny? How does your perception of the video/music change with the different pairings?

Tips for going further:

Using the selected videos and songs from the previous exercise, play with the following elements of timing and affect (emotional content):

  1. in sync (image and sound match, or I see, hear the same thing at the same time),
  2. out of sync (image and sound are in contrast, or I see, hear different things at the same time),
  3. offset (I see, hear things at slightly different times, e.g. hearing an oldtime radio before the image appears).

These simple variations can make big differences in our perception, and are as close at hand as your participants’ play lists. What do you want to say? How do you want to say it? Your participants and their preferences will tell you quickly enough.

Not so silent films

How many digital devices are in the room you are currently in? How many of these have capacity for video and sound? Probably quite a few: in the age of the internet, video and sound hold a large place in how people access information. Especially true for youth, how can we play with and use this fascination with video and sound in the classroom? Click here to read the pedagogical guide I wrote for the Orchestre symphonique de Montréal on the silent film era for a few ideas …